Grammar 1-8 | True Beginner | CEFR A1

Sentence Patterns

Listen to these conversations using basic sentence patterns.

Conversation #1

Man: Do you play sports?
Woman : Yes, I play volleyball and tennis. Do you play sports?
Man: No, I don't play sports, but I exercise a lot.
Woman : Oh, what do you do?
Man: I run, I swim, and I do yoga.
Woman : You do a lot!

Conversation #2

Man: Do you cook much?
Woman : No, but I cook breakfast every day.
Man: What do you make?
Woman : I make omelets or pancakes. Do you cook?
Man: Not breakfast. I eat breakfast at school.
Woman : Where do you eat?
Man: I buy a pastry at the bakery and eat it at school.

Conversation #3

Man: Do you have a pet?
Woman : Yes, I have a dog. And you?
Man: I have a dog and a cat.
Woman : Do they stay inside?
Man: Yes, but I take my dog for a walk every day.
Woman : Me too. I walk my dog in the park.

Conversation #4

Man: When do you get up?
Woman : I get up at six every day. And you?
Man: I get up at 7. I like to sleep in.
Woman : Lucky you! When do you go to bed?
Man: I go to bed at 11. And you?
Woman : I get in bed at 10, but then I read. I fall asleep by 12.
Man: Oh, that's late. I need my sleep!

Sentence Patterns

Point 1: A common sentence pattern in English is S.V.O which means subject, verb, object.
  1. He has a nice car.
  2. My town has a big park.
  3. She does not eat meat.
  4. They play tennis once a week.
Point 2: WH questions usually follow this pattern:
WH + Auxiliary + S + O + ?
  1. When do you study?
  2. What do you do at your job?
  3. Where did you buy that shirt?
  4. Why do you study English?
Point 3: Yes / No questions use the same pattern without the WH word: Auxiliary + S + O + ?
  1. Do you like sushi?
  2. Does this machines need batteries?
  3. Do you get much snow in your town?
  4. Did Bob buy lunch?
Point 4: Yes / No questions often have short form answers.
  • Do you play tennis?
  • Yes, I do.
  • And you?
  • No, I do not.
  • No, I don't
Answer the following questions about the interview.