Grammar 1-7 | True Beginner | CEFR A1


Listen to four short conversations using nationalities.

Conversation #1

Man : What languages do you speak?
Woman: I speak English and I study Spanish.
Man: That's cool. Do you have friends from Spain?
Woman: No, but I like Mexican TV shows.
Man: Me too. I love movies in Spanish.
Woman: Yeah. Spanish is so cool!

Conversation #2

Man: Do you like Japanese food?
Woman: Yes, I love Japanese food. I lived in Japan before.
Man: Oh, do you speak Japanese?
Woman: Some. I have Japanese friends. I practice with them.
Man: Do they speak English?
Woman: Yes, they speak English very well.

Conversation #3

Man: What foods do you like?
Woman: I like French food and Thai food.
Man: Me too. I also love Chinese food.
Woman: Do you like Korean food?
Man: Yes, and I also love K-Pop.
Woman: What is K-POP?
Man: K-POP is Korean pop music.

Conversation #4

Man: Do you like football?
Woman: Yes, I love football. I watch German football, Italian football, Spanish football.
Man: Me too, I want to go to England to watch my team.
Woman: What is your team?
Man: Chelsea. They play in the English Premiere League.
Woman: Oh! My favorite team in AC Milan. They play in Italy.

Languages, Nationalies and Countries

Point 1: The names of countries, languages, and people from a country begin with a capital letter.

I am from Germany.
He can speak French.
I love Thai fod.

Point 2: The adjective form of a country can be used to describe people, languages, and items.

People speak Spanish in Spain.
She is Italian, but does not speak Italian.
We bought a Japanese car in Japan.


Point 3: There are some patterns in English for nationalities but there are many exceptions. It is best to just remember them case-by-case.
Country Nationality Country Nationality
Japan Japanese Thailand Thai
China Chinese Korea Korean
Sweden Swedish Greece Greek
Germany German Poland Polish
Italy Italian Portugal Portuguese
France French Turkey Turkish
Spain Spanish Finland Finish
Mexico Mexican Colombia Colombian
Canada Canadian Brazil Brazilian


Answer the following questions about the interview.