Grammar 5-4 | Intermediate | CEFR B2

Subordinating Conjunctions - Conditions

Using subordinating conjunctions (if, unless, as long as) with conditions.

Conversation #1

Man: Are you coming to the party?
Woman: Yes, I'm going unless I get stuck at work.
Man: Really! You might have to work late.
Woman: Maybe, but I'll call you if I can't make it.
Man: Well, I really hope you can make it.
Woman: Me too! As long as we don't get too busy, I should make it though.

Conversation #2

Woman: Yes, Mr Smith, you want to see me.
Man: Yes, We need to talk about your grades. I'm worried that you won't pass the class unless you start doing better on your assignments.
Woman: Well, if I get an A on the test can I pass the class.
Man: Yes, I think so, as long as you also do all your homework.
Woman: OK. I'll make sure I do better, and I'll study hard to the next exam.
Man: I hope so, because if you don't, you'll have to take the class again.
Woman: Right!

Conversation #3

Man: Can I use the conference room tomorrow?
Woman: Sure, as long as it is not booked.
Man: What should I do if it is?
Woman: If it's book you can use the lecture hall.
Man:Oh, that is too big I think.
Woman: Well, the conference room might be free. I'll check and let you know if it is. If it isn't what should I do?
Man: If it's booked then I will wail until it is free. The lecture hall is too big.
Woman: OK, I'll get back to you soon.
Man: Great. Thanks

Conversation #4

Man: Are we still playing soccer tomorrow?
Woman: Yes, I hope so. We'll play as long as the weather's nice.
Man: Will we play if it rains?
Woman: If the rain is not too heavy, we will play.
Man: OK, and if it is?
Woman: If it is,I'll check with the others and let you know if we cancel the game.
Man: Sounds good. Thanks.

Subordinating Conjunctions of Condition

Subordinating conjunctions of condition show how one action depends on another action.
  1. I will call you if I am late.
  2. If you feel sick, you can stay home.
  3. As long as you exercise, you will stay in shape.
  4. I cannot buy a house year unless I win the lottery!
If shows a condition. One action depends on another action.
  1. If it rains, we will not play tennis.
  2. We will not play tennis if it rains.
  3. If you help me, I can pay you.
  4. I can pay you if you help me.
Unless shows a condition. One action depends on another action. Unless is similar to if .. not.
  1. Unless you study, you cannot pass the test.
  2. If you do not study, you cannot pass the test.
  3. Do not call me unless you are serious.
  4. Do not call me if you are not serious.
As long as means if but it often shows a negative consequence to an action.
  1. As long as we leave now, we can arrive in time.
  2. We can arrive in time as long as we leave now.
  3. We will play tennis as long as it does not rain.
  4. As long as it does not rain, we will play tennis.
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