Grammar 1-11 | True Beginner | CEFR A1


Listen to three conversations using demonstratives.

Conversation #1

Man: Is this your book?
Woman: Yes, that is my book.
Man: And is this your pencil?
Woman: No, that is not my pencil.
Man: Whose pencil is it?
Woman: I am not sure.

Conversation #2

Man: I like these jeans.
Woman: I like those too.
Man: Do you like this shirt?
Woman: No, but I like that shirt?
Man: The blue one?
Woman: No, the green one.
Man: Hmm, I don't like that color.
Woman: Really, I like it!

Conversation #3

Man: How much is this coffee maker?
Woman: That is ten dollars.
Man: And how much are these plates?
Woman: Those are five dollars each.
Man: What about these?
Woman: Those spoons are one dollar each.
Man: I'll take them all.
Woman: Sold!

Grammar Notes

Point 1: Use this and that for singular nouns. This refers to objects closer to the speaker.
  1. I like this shirt. (close to speaker)
  2. I don't like that shirt. (away from speaker)
  3. Look at that car! (away from speaker)
  4. This bike is nice! (close to speaker)
Point 2: Use these and those for plural nouns. This refers to objects closer to the speaker.
  1. These jeans are too tight!
  2. Try those jeans.
  3. Are these your books?
  4. No, those books over there are my books.
Point 3: Speakers sometimes do not mention the noun if the object is clear.
  1. Do you like this shirt?
  2. Do you like this? (Holding shirt)
  3. What are these items?
  4. What are these?
Point 4: After using demonstratives, we often use pronouns (subject/object) to reference them.
  1. Do you like these?
  2. Yes, I like them. They are cool.
  3. What is this?
  4. It's a coffee maker. I use it a lot.
Answer the following questions about the interview.

join our newsletter