Grammar 5-1 | Intermediate | CEFR B2

Coordinating Conjunctions

Using coordinating conjunctions (and, but, so, or, nor, for, yet).
Conversation #1

Man: I like this soup, it’s so yum, yet healthy.
Woman: It is good, but it is high in sodium.
Man: Yeah, but it has lots of veggies.
Woman: True but it not cheap, nor easy to make.
Man: OK, don’t you like it.
Woman: I do. I am just being honest.

Conversation #2

Man: Where will you go for summer?
Woman: I am not sure yet.
Man: I will go to the beach or the lake.
Woman: I would go, but my son has school.
Man: He has school in summer.
Woman: Yeah, he has to go to school this summer or he will not graduate.

Conversation #3

Man: What will you do tomorrow?
Woman: I have to work, but I finish early.
Man: I don’t work, so I will go somewhere.
Woman: Where will you go?
Man: I think to the forest, for the leaves are changing colors now.
Woman: Well have a good time and take lots of pictures.

Conversation #4

Man: Do you go out much?
Woman: No, I don’t drink and I don’t like crowds.
Man: Yeah, me too, but I hate staying home.
Woman: So what do you do? Watch movies?
Man: No, I don’t like movies, nor do I like TV shows, so I tend to read a lot.
Woman: Sounds boring, but to each his own.

Coordinating Conjunctions - Grammar Notes

Coordinating Conjunctions connect words, phrases and clauses. There are seven of them.
  1. I work in the city, and I study at university.
  2. I am tired, but I will keep working.
  3. It was cold, so we stayed inside.
  4. You can leave, or you can stay.
  5. I don't like math, nor do I like history.
  6. We went home, for it was getting late.
  7. I was so tired, yet I could not sleep.
And shows similarity and associates things.

Word: I have a dog and a cat.
: I like to study at night and in the morning.
Clause: I can sing and I write music, too.

But contrasts ideas.

Word: It is cloudy but warm.
: It is open on Saturday but not on Sunday.
Clause: I play sports, but I never watch sports on TV.

So shows cause and effect. It has other meanings. Thus, it can only be used with clauses.

Word: --x--
: --x--
Clause: I was tired, so I went home.

For shows reasons. It means because. It has other meanings. Thus, it can only be used with clauses.

Word: --x--
: --x--
Clause: We did not make it, for the traffic was bad.

Or connects related choices.

Word: You can have coffee or tea.
: We can stay by the lake or in the woods.
Clause: We can take the train, or we can drive there.

Nor connects two related negative concepts.

Word: The book was not fun, nor useful.
: I don't sit much at home, nor at work.
Clause: I don't eat meat, nor do I drink caffeine.

Yet shows a surprising contrast between two things.

Word: Her dress was elegant yet simple.
: --x--
Clause: He is rich, yet he never spends any money.

Answer the following questions about the interview.