Grammar 1-01 | True Beginner | CEFR A1

Be Simple Present

Listen to four conversations about people in a family.

Conversation #1

Man: I like your family photos. Who is this?
Woman: That is my dad. He is a doctor.
Man: Wow. He is very tall.
Woman: Yes, he is
Man: Is this your mom?
Woman: Yes, she is a doctor too.
Man: Wow, smart family.

Conversation #2

Man: Who are these people?
Woman: That is my husband. In this picture, he is at work.
Man: Is he a fireman?
Woman: Yes, he is. And this is my daughter
Man: Wow, she is so cute.
Woman: Yes, she is cute!

Conversation #3

Man: Who are the people in this picture?
Woman: That is my older brother and younger sister.
Man: Oh, what do they do?
Woman: My sister is a pilot. My brother is a farmer.
Man: Wow. They have cool jobs.
Woman: Yes, they do!

Conversation #4

Man: And who are these people?
Woman: Those are my grandparents.
Man: Oh, do they live in town?
Woman: No, they live in the country. They have a farm.
Man: How nice!
Woman: Yeah, I go there often.

Present Simple - Be

Affirmative Negative
I am a student.
You are a student.
He is a student.
She is a student.
It is a desk.
They are students.
We are students.
I am not a teacher.
You are not a teacher.
He is not a teacher.
She is not a teacher.
It is not a desk.
They are not teachers.
We are not teachers.

Introducing People

You can use this, that, these, and those to introduce people.

Looking at a picture
A: Who is this?
B: That is my dad. He is a teacher.
A: Who are these people?
B: Those are my friends. They are nice.

In person
Let me introduce you to my family.
This is my wife. These are my children.

Note: In some languages, using this, that, these, and those to introduce people is not polite. In English, it is normal.

Interjection / Reactions

Wow! = good feeling
Nice! = good feeling
Great! = good feeling
Oh! = good feeling

Answer the following questions about the interview.

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