elllo

Future | Be Going Plus Infinitive


Alan and Kay are a couple of friends talking about next weekend.

Alan: So Kay, what are you going to do this weekend?

Kay: I'm going to go shopping. We just got paid.

Alan: Yeah, me too. It's going to be a great weekend. So, where are you going shopping?

Kay: I'm going to go to that little market on Rand Street. It has so many beautiful ornaments and ethnic clothes.

Alan: Yeah, it's great over there. I love those places. You know, they also have lots of really nice restaurants. You should check them out.

Kay: Hmm. That's a good idea. Hey! We could meet over there.

Alan: Hey, let’s do that. That sounds fun.

Kay: Are you going to come shopping with me, too?

Alan: No, I think I'll give shopping a miss but why don't we meet at the restaurant later in the evening, say the Italian restaurant, Luigi at five o’clock.

Kay: OK. Sounds good. See you there.

Grammar Notes

Point 1: 'Be going to' plus infinitive can be used to talk about plans, especially informally.
  1. We are going to go shopping tonight.
  2. I am going to get a new car next year.
Point 2: 'Be going to' plus infinitive can also be used to predict things in the future, using current information.
  1. It is very bright this morning. It is going to be very hot today.
  2. Hey, watch that cow in the road. We are going to crash!
Point 3: 'Be going to' can be used to emphasize intent.
  1. I am going to change my job. (I intend to change it).
  2. I am going to tell her to shut up next time she screams at me like that. (Intention stressed.
Point 4: Informally, and increasingly formally, 'going to' is pronounced "gonna" and increasingly written the same way.
Answer these questions about the interview.

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Vocabulary Challenge

Complete the sentences with the words below.
be go to lose • be go to be • be go to study
be go to fly • be gonna have
  1. We to Paris on Thursday.
  2. You all your money in the casino.
  3. He late for class tomorrow.
  4. They fun at the fair.
  5. I in Japan next year .