Grammar 5-15 | Intermediate | CEFR B2

ED vs. ING Adjectives

Dave wants to know about a movie.

Dave: Hey Faye, what did you think of the last Twilight movie?

Faye: It was really exciting. Why?

Dave: Well, I’m thinking of seeing it tonight. I’m usually bored by vampire movies but I've heard that this one is pretty entertaining.

Faye: I find the whole series fascinating to be honest. There is the love element as well as all the thrilling stuff.

Dave: So, I take it you're recommending it?

Faye: Yes, absolutely. You should go see it for sure. You definitely won’t find this one boring, I promise you.

Dave: OK, great. I’ll go and see it. I think I’ll just call Ann and tell her we’re going.

Faye: Ann? OK, yeah. She’ll love it too.

ED vs. ING Adjectives

Point 1: Verb participles (-ed and -ing) can be used as adjectives after be verbs.
  1. Old movies are boring.
  2. I was bored with my class.
  3. I was excited to hear the news.
  4. It was exciting to be there!
Point 2: We use past participles (-ed) when the action is received. You feel the action.
  1. Tom is bored by action movies.
  2. Baby Sheila is so excited her trip.
  3. I was terrified to go inside.
  4. We were shocked to hear the news.
Point 3: We use present participles (-ing) when the action causes the feeling.
  1. This rain is annoying. (It makes me annoyed)
  2. The webinar was boring. (It made me bored.)
  3. My job is tiring. (It makes me tired.)
  4. The game was exciting. (It made me excited.)
Point 4: We can use participles as adjectives with some these verbs: feel, get, look, seem, become.
  1. Romantic novels always seem boring.
  2. I felt uplifted by the rousing music.
  3. The news became encouraging.
  4. We got discouraged by the news.
Point 5: We can use both past and present participles as adjectives before a noun.
  1. It is a boring class.
  2. I have motivated students.
  3. I love my new washing machine.
  4. We ate some dried fruit.
Answer the following questions about the interview.


join our newsletter