Grammar 5-13 | Intermediate | CEFR B2

Gerunds and Infinitives

Kate’s got a new iPad and Pete is very interested.

Pete:Hey Kate, is that a new iPad?

Kate: Yeah. I just got it.

Pete: Wow. It looks sweet, not cheap though.

Kate: No, it was quite expensive but I'll get my money’s worth out of it.

Pete: Really? What are you going to use it for?

Kate: Well. I’m going to use it for checking my Facebook and Twitter all the time so I can keep in touch with friends and I’m going to use it to play games too. I love playing games but hopefully I won't spend too much time doing that.

Pete: Ah, I wonder. Well, what about using it for checking your e-mails?

Kate: Emails, yeah, I guess I could check my emails but hey, emails are so yesterday right?

Pete: Yeah, well, I’m getting a little behind the times. Guess I better think of getting one myself when I have some money.

Gerunds and Infinitives - Grammar Notes

Point 1: We can use gerunds or infinitives to describe how things are used.
  1. I use my smart phone to check sport scores.
  2. I use my smart phone for checking sport scores.
  3. I use my camera to take pictures of birds.
  4. I use my camera for taking pictures of birds.
Point 2: We often use the infinitive after a verb and object to add information.
  1. I use my car just to get to work.
  2. I wear this hat to block the sun.
  3. I shop there to save money.
  4. I use social media to spy on people.
Point 3: Gerunds can be preceded by various prepositions, except the preposition to.
  1. I am thinking of having dinner soon.
  2. I learn best by doing things.
  3. I am excited about taking this course.
  4. I plan on having children soon.
Point 4: Some verbs (regret, spend, waste, enjoy, etc.) can only use the gerund.
  1. He wastes his time reading comics.
  2. She often spends her time helping others.
  3. We enjoy playing sports.
  4. We regret leaving early.
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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