Grammar 5 | Intermediate | CEFR B2

Relative Adverbs

Listen to four conversations using relative adverbs.

Conversation #1
A: Do you know why the meeting was postponed?
B: Yes, we need a room where we can use a projector.
A: What about the place where we had the party?
B: What party?
A: You know, the party when Kevin got promoted.
B: Oh, yeah. that will work.

Conversation #2
A: So, what part of town do you live in?
B: I live on the far west side of town.
A: Oh, is it nice over there?
B: It's OK. It has a few places where you can unwind.
A: Oh, really. For example.
B: Well, there's a park where you can just relax.
A: I think I know about that place. It's a popular place when the leaves change color.
B: Yes, that's the place.

Conversation #3
A: Why is David not here today?
B: Good question. I don't know why he's not here.
A: Well, it's a bad sign when he's gone.
B: Why do you say that?
A: Because those are the days when we get really busy.
B: Yikes. I hope not!

Conversation #4
A: Where should we go for dinner tonight?
B: Let's go somewhere where we can watch the game.
A: Watch the game! I hate having dinner when there's a game on.
B: Really, why?
A: Because you watch the game and we don't talk much.
B: Fair enough. We'll go someplace where I won't be distracted. I'll check the score when I get home.
A: Thanks. I appreciate that.

Relative Adverbs - Grammar Notes

Point 1: Relative adverbs (when, where, why) act as adverbs. They connect clauses to verb phrases.
  1. Give me a time when you are free.
  2. Please tell me the reason why you did that.
  3. We ate at a diner where you cook your own food.
Point 2: Use when to define a time something happens.
  1. Evenings are a time when I relax.
  2. Do you know a time when he is free?
  3. He gave me a list of when the court is available.
  4. Do you know the date when he will be here?
Point 3: Use where to define the place something happens.
  1. I want to go to a place where it is quiet.
  2. It is a nice cafe where you can unwind.
  3. I went to a shop where they sell rare clothes.
  4. Is there a park where I can walk my dog?
Point 4: Use why to define a reason.
  1. This is (the reason) why you need to be careful.
  2. Can you tell me (the reason) why he said that?
  3. I don't know (the reason) why.
  4. I want to know (the reason) why you are late.
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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