Grammar 4-06 | Low Intermediate | CEFR B1

Should - Assumptions

Listen to four conversations using should to make assumptions.

Conversation #1

A: Excuse me. Where is the restroom?
B: It is down the hall. Just turn right and you should see it.
A: Thanks.
B: It should be open, but if it is locked just tell me.
A: Great thanks!

Conversation #2

A: When is the last shuttle bus?
B: Actually, it should be here right about now.
A: Really, I don’t see it.
B: It should arrive any minute.
A: OK, thanks. Will it be full?
B: It shouldn’t be crowded this time of day.

Conversation #3

A: Can you recommend a hotel?
B: Sure, I would stay at the Regent.
A: Do I need to make a reservation?
B: You shouldn’t need to. It is not peak season.
A: Can I pay by debit card?
B: Yeah, it shouldn’t be a problem.

Conversation #4

A: My head is killing me!
B: Lay down. That should help.
A: I can’t. I have to work.
B: Take some aspirin then.
A: Will it help?
B: Yeah, you should feel better after a few minutes.

Should - Assumptions - Grammar Notes

Point 1: We use should to express things that we expect to be true or come true.
  1. The bus usually arrives at this time.
  2. The bus should be here any minute.
  3. This medicine helps relieve pain.
  4. This medicine should help you.
  5. The weather is usually nice this time of year.
  6. The weather should be nice tomorrow.
Point 2: We use should not to express things that we do not expect to be true or come true.
  • It is does not cost much money.
  • It shouldn’t cost much money.
  • It does not take a long time to do.
  • It shouldn’t take long to do.
  • The shop is supposed to be open.
  • The shop shouldn’t be closed.
Point 3: We use should not in questions when we think something is not common or correct.
  • You think a chair is misplaced.
  • Shouldn't the chair be over here?
  • You think the bus should be here.
  • Shouldn't it be here by now?
  • You thought the shop would be open.
  • Shouldn’t the shop be open?
Point 4: When answering a question, we answer Yes and No differently.
  1. Shouldn't the bus be here by now?
  2. Yes, it should.
  3. No, it is always late. (no + reason)
  4. Shouldn't you be in bed?
  5. Yes, I should, but I can't sleep.
  6. No, I need to be awake. (no + reason)
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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