Articles and Determiners
A: Do you have a pen I can use?
B: No, but I have a pencil.
A: Thanks. Do you have an eraser?
B: The pencil has an eraser.
A: Great. And some paper?
B: My gosh, you don’t have anything!
A: Would you like a sandwich?
B: I would love a sandwich.
A: And some chips?
B: Some chips sounds lovely.
A: And a drink?
B: I’m OK. I have a water.
A: How do you like your new house?
B: It’s nice. It has a kitchen, a big bedroom and a nice bathroom.
A: Do you have a yard?
B: No, but I have a patio.
A: Nice, do you have a good view?
B: No, there is a building next door.
A: Did you like the book?
B: Yes, I loved the ending.
A: Really, I thought the ending was not that good.
B: No way! The surprise at the end was great.
A: Did you like the characters?
B: Yes, I liked everything about it.
English uses determiners before nouns, especially articles, to give nouns added meaning.
a / an
We use a / an when we introduce a singular noun.
- To make an omelet, you need an egg, a pan, and a stove.
We use some to introduce an uncountable noun or plural noun.
- To make a cheese sandwich, you need some cheese, some mustard, and some bread.
We use the when the speaker and listener both know what is being discussed.
- I liked the movie, but I did not like the ending. The story was not interesting. The acting was bad too!